Abortion rights groups filed a lawsuit Thursday challenging Arizona laws they say unnecessarily restrict access to the procedures and leave most rural areas without clinics.
The legal action by Planned Parenthood Arizona targets laws that prohibit anyone other than a physician from performing abortions; require patients to visit clinics twice over a 24-hour period for counseling; and bar the use of telemedicine in providing abortion services.
The intent of the laws is to "impede both women and medical providers so systematically that abortion becomes more onerous and even unavailable to many," according to the lawsuit.
The lawsuit says the statutes have led to a 40% reduction in the number of abortions provided by Planned Parenthood since 2011.
In addition, the laws are medically unjustified and have led to the closure of Planned Parenthood offices in Yuma, Goodyear, Prescott Valley and Chandler, the lawsuit states.
Abortion services are still provided in the Phoenix and Tucson areas, as well as Flagstaff. But the Flagstaff clinic didn't offer abortion services for three years because Planned Parenthood was unable to recruit a medical professional who met the state's requirements.
The facility is operating again one day a week and has had to reduce services, according to the lawsuit.
"This is a travesty," Bryan Howard, president of Planned Parenthood of Arizona, said in a conference call with reporters.
The lawsuit was filed against Attorney General Mark Brnovich, Arizona Medical Board Executive Director Patricia McSorley, Arizona Department of Health Services and Arizona State Board of Nursing Executive Director Joey Ridenour.
The Department of Health Services declined to comment on the lawsuit, and the offices of Brnovich, McSorley and Ridenour didn't immediately respond to an email seeking comment.
Cathi Herrod, president of the Center for Arizona Policy, which backs anti-abortion legislation but isn't a party to the lawsuit, said the laws being challenged are vital to ensuring that women who are considering an abortion are able to make informed decisions.
Howard said the number of abortions performed each year by Planned Parenthood has decreased to about 6,500 from about 10,000 a decade ago.
The lawsuit said women who live near clinics face delays because there are too few providers to meet the demand for abortion services. Women who don't live near clinics face similar delays, plus they must travel long distances to get to clinics, Howard said.
Planned Parenthood alleges the laws violate due-process protections because they lack any legitimate benefit and impose undue burdens on women seeking abortions. The suit asks the court to bar the enforcement of the laws.