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New Mexico Bans Cougar Trapping and Snaring For Sport

State regulators in New Mexico have adopted new rules that will prohibit cougar trapping in upcoming seasons.  It marks a small victory for animal protection groups that have been fighting for a broader ban of the practice on public lands across the state.

The New Mexico Game Commission voted unanimously in favor the new regulations during a meeting last week. The decision comes after “Animal Protection of New Mexico” and the Humane Society of the United States filed a lawsuit arguing that traps and snares threatened legally protected species such as endangered Mexican gray wolves and that hunting quotas for cougars were unsustainably high.

Laura Bonar, chief program and policy officer for Animal Protection of New Mexico, says the vote was the right decision by the commission but that more needs to be done. “We urge the commission to take the next logical step, which is to prohibit all traps and snares on public lands,” she said. “Trapping and public lands are incompatible.”

The state Game and Fish Department is considering proposed restrictions on wildlife traps and wire snares on select tracts of public lands outside of Albuquerque, Santa Fe, Las Cruces and Taos, along with a no-trapping buffer at officially recognized hiking trailheads. It’s not clear how soon the Game Commission could act on that proposal.

The new rules adopted last week are for the 2020-2024 seasons in New Mexico. They specifically involve cougar and bear management by the Game and Fish Department and hunting of the mammals. Under the rules, hunting quotas for the two species will not increase. Hunters will be allowed to kill up to 580 cougars and more than 800 black bears. However, the animal protection groups voiced concerns about the numbers, suggesting that the Game and Fish Department lacks reliable population estimates for the species.

The department has said the population estimates are a result of density estimates from academic studies conducted in various locations in New Mexico and in comparable habitat in other states. The department also looks at habitat quality when determining how many of the animals can be hunted while maintaining sustainable population sizes.