Diane Hope

Bureau of Land Management

Wild donkeys, also known as burros, first arrived in Arizona with early Spanish colonists, with many more imported by miners in the 1800s. They evolved from a North African variety and have tough digestive systems, allowing them to thrive in Arizona’s arid environment.


These burros can double their numbers every four years, so overpopulation eventually led to overgrazing of the landscape and predation by mountain lions and other animals, including humans.


Edward P. Dozier was a pioneering anthropologist and linguist in the 1950’s and 60’s, one of very few Native Americans at that time who were professional, academic anthropologists.


Showering is a significant use of water in American homes. On average, individuals typically take 8-10 minute showers every day, using about 17 gallons of water each time.

If everyone in the city of Flagstaff with its current population took showers like that - 365 days a year - it would add up to almost 460 million gallons of water annually; an amount equivalent to about 10% of the water in Lake Mary when it’s filled to the brim.


Elevated E. coli levels are, unfortunately, not unheard of in Oak Creek  – whether it be from a sewage spill like the one earlier this summer, or because of crowded recreation spots where humans and other animals leave behind waste.


Before foresters or biologists can collect pine cones, examine pest infestation, or follow their study-animal up a tree, they have to go to tree climbing school.